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The role of echocardiographic screening in reducing the burden of rheumatic heart disease in Latin America

The objectives of this article are to reflect on the rationale behind the use of echocardiographic screening for rheumatic heart disease and to provide key recommendations about steps needed to implement and improve echocardiographic screening programs in Latin America. Rheumatic heart disease remains a public health problem affecting mainly low-income and lower-middle-income countries and populations. Latin America is an area with economic inequalities, and the epidemiology of rheumatic heart disease remains largely unknown.

Digital transformation as a strategy to strengthen essential public health functions in the Americas

This article systematizes the main actions taken to address the essential public health functions (EPHF) in the context of the digital transformation of health systems. A narrative review was conducted, in which the conceptual framework of the renewed EPHF was linked to the eight guiding principles of the digital transformation of the health sector. In the selected publications, the main actions in digital transformation included electronic health records, telemedicine, digital health legislation, digital literacy, patient portals, open-source technologies, and data governance.

Exploring facilitators and barriers to implementing expanded nursing roles in Mexico

Objective

To explore the perceptions of nursing professionals regarding facilitators and barriers to the implementation of expanded nursing functions in a state in central Mexico.

Methods

Qualitative descriptive phenomenological study. During 2022, 18 semi-structured interviews were conducted with three types of informants: a) head nurses at state-level facilities; b) head nurses at local-level facilities; and c) heads of health units and operational nursing staff who have direct contact with patients.

Trends in mortality from cardiovascular diseases in Chile, 2000–2020

Objective

To analyze trends in mortality caused by cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in Chile during the period 2000–2020.

Methods

Data on age-adjusted mortality rates (AAMR) from CVD per 100 000 population in Chile for 2000–2020 were extracted from the World Health Organization Mortality Database. Joinpoint regression was used to analyze the trends and compute the average annual percent change (AAPC) in Chile. In addition, analyses were conducted by sex and type of CVD.

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