Control of arterial hypertension: a pending issue

Sosa Liprandi et al.

Adequate diagnosis, treatment, and control of arterial hypertension (AHT) continues to be a pending issue in the attempt to reduce the incidence of premature mortality and disability due to cardiovascular disease, which is a reality worldwide and in the region of the Americas in particular. Despite having adequate diagnostic algorithms and efficient treatment schemes, the gap between medical knowledge and reality reveals the great difficulty in ensuring that patients follow recommendations. Adherence to treatment is a great challenge and a proper understanding of its dimensions is essential when designing strategies to improve control of AHT. It is clear that part of the solution is having adequate information and disseminating it, but actions that guarantee implementation are no less important. That is why clinical practice guidelines that try to address this problem are welcome. The recent publication of the World Health Organization's guidance on arterial hyper-tension is a clear example of this type of initiative. Implementation programs are arguably one of the biggest challenges in contemporary medicine. The development of multimodal interventions aimed at improving response capacity at the first level of care and promoting the development of integrated health services networks appears to be the most appropriate way to achieve adequate control of AHT. Scientific societies clearly play an important role in these initiatives by providing support and coordinating interactions among the different actors involved.

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Opinion and analysis