Antibiotic consumption in secondary and tertiary hospitals in Colombia: national surveillance from 2018–2020

Lopez et al.


To assess the compliance in secondary and tertiary level hospitals with monthly reporting of antibiotic consumption to the Colombian National Public Health Surveillance System (SIVIGILA-INS), and to describe reported antibiotic consumption during 2018–2020.


This study involved a secondary analysis of antibiotic consumption data reported to SIVIGILA-INS. Frequency of hospital reporting was assessed and compared against expected reports, disaggregated by intensive care units (ICU)/non-ICU wards and geographical regions. Consumption was expressed as defined daily dose (DDD) per 100 occupied beds for seven antibiotics.


More than 70% of hospitals reported antibiotic consumption at least once in each of the three years (79% in ICU and 71% in non-ICU wards). Of these, ICU monthly reporting was complete (12 monthly reports per year) for 59% in the period 2018–2019 but only 4% in 2020. Non-ICU reporting was complete for 52% in 2019 and for 2% in 2020. Most regions had an overall decrease in reporting in 2020. Analysis of antibiotic consumption showed an increase for piperacillin/tazobactam, ertapenem, and cefepime from 2019 to 2020.


There were gaps in the consistency and frequency of reporting. Efforts are needed to improve compliance with monthly reporting, which declined in 2020, possibly due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Non-compliance on reporting and data quality issues should be addressed with the hospitals to enable valid interpretation of antibiotic consumption trends.

Click below to watch a brief video (Spanish) on this study (or watch in full screen on YouTube clicking on the link in the image).

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